The privilege generally remains in effect even after the attorney-client relationship ends, and even after the client's death. In other words, the lawyer can never disclose the client's secrets without their permission, unless some kind of exception applies (see below). White, 970 F, 2d 328 (7th Cir. The attorney-client relationship comes to a natural conclusion when the lawyer has completed the services for which he was employed.
A lawyer can file a claim for damages against a third party that induces the lawyer's client to end the attorney-client relationship. The most common ground is probably personality clash, where there is a breakdown in the lawyer-client relationship. An attorney-client relationship can arise out of inference from the parties' conduct, even without a fee payment or formal agreement. Talking to a client on the phone, informally at a party, or via email, text message, or other social media could result in an attorney-client relationship.
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